AAS Meeting #194 - Chicago, Illinois, May/June 1999
Session 49. Observations of Nearby AGN (Seyferts and LINERs
Display, Tuesday, June 1, 1999, 10:00am-7:00pm, Southwest Exhibit Hall

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[49.11] The One Micron Fe II Lines in Active Galaxies and Emission Line Stars

R. J. Rudy, S. Mazuk (Aerospace Corp.), R. C. Puetter (UCSD), F. W. Hamann (U. of Florida)

The infrared multiplet of Fe II lines at 0.9997, 1.0501, 1.0863, and 1.1126 microns are particularly strong relative to other red and infrared Fe II features. They reach their greatest strength, relative to the hydrogen lines, in the Seyfert 1 galaxy I Zw 1, and are a common, although not ubiquitous feature, in the broad line regions of active galaxies. In addition, they are seen in a diverse assortment of Galactic sources including young stars, Herbig Ae and Be stars, luminous blue variables, proto-planetary nebulae, and symbiotic novae. They are probably excited by Lyman alpha florescence but the exact path of the cascade to their upper levels is uncertain. They arise in dense, sheltered regions of low ionization and are frequently observed together with the infrared Ca II triplet and the Lyman beta excited O I lines 8446 and 11287. The strengths of the four Fe II features, relative to each other, are nearly constant from object to object suggesting a statistical population of their common upper multiplet. Their intensities, in comparison to the Paschen lines, indicate that they can be important coolants for regions with high optical depths in the hydrogen lines. In addition to I Zw 1 and other active galaxies, we present spectra for the Galactic sources MWC 17, MWC 84, MWC 340, MWC 922, PU Vul, and M 1-92. We review the status of the Fe II observations and discuss the excitation process and possible implications. This work was supported by the IR&D program of the Aerospace Corporation. RCP and FWH acknowledge support from NASA.

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