36th DPS Meeting, 8-12 November 2004
Session 42 Extrasolar Planets
Oral, Friday, November 12, 2004, 8:30-10:00am, Clark

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[42.06] A Time-dependant atmospheric model of HD209458b

N. Iro, B. Bézard (LESIA, Obs. Paris-Meudon), T. Guillot (CASSINI, OCA)

Charbonneau et al. (2002) conducted HST spectroscopic observations of HD209458 centered on the sodium doublet at 589.3 nm. An absorption feature was found, interpreted as an absorption from the sodium in the planet's atmosphere. However, this feature is weaker than predicted by static radiative equilibrium atmospheric models of HD209458b.

We present a time-dependent radiative model of the atmosphere of HD209458b and investigate its thermal structure and chemical composition. Time-dependent temperature profiles are calculated, assuming a constant-with-height zonal wind, modelled as a solid body rotation. We predict day-night variations of the effective temperature of ~600 K, for an equatorial rotation rate of 1 km s-1, in good agreement with the predictions by Showman & Guillot, 2002. At high altitudes (mbar pressures or less), the night temperatures are low enough to allow sodium to condense into Na2S. Synthetic transit spectra of the visible Na doublet show a much weaker sodium absorption on the morning limb than on the evening limb. The calculated dimming of the sodium feature during a planetary transit agrees with the value reported by Charbonneau et al. (2002).

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Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, 36 #4
© 2004. The American Astronomical Soceity.